The Flag of the United Mexican States known as Mexico, with the coat of arms placed in the centre was adopted in1968, while the design itself has been used since 1821.
The coat of arms is derived from an Aztec legend that their gods told them to build a city where they spot an eagle and a serpent, which is now Mexico City.
Mexico, the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world with its highly developed cultures, with the Olmecs, Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs, existed long before the Spanish conquest. Mexico became a Spanish colony during 1519-21 which lasted nearly 300 years.
Known for its indigenous and Spanish folk art traditions, Mexico produces not only clay potteries but colourful embroidered cotton garments, outer garments, baskets and rugs not seen everywhere else. Its cuisine with tacos, enchiladas, mole sauce, atole, tamales, pozole and burritos is popular worldwide.
Traditional national sports in Mexico consist of a series of equestrian events as well as bullfighting, adopted from the Spanish tradition. Mexico has the largest venue for bullfighting in the world. The "Plaza de toros" in Mexico City seats 48,000 people.
The most popular sport in Mexico, is football (soccer), introduced to Mexico by Cornish miners in the nineteenth century. Baseball is also popular, especially in the Gulf of Mexico and the northern states. The Mexican professional league is named the Liga Mexicana de Beisbol.
Mexico is home to some of the world's oldest writing systems such as Mayan Script. Maya writing uses logograms complemented by a set of alphabetical or syllabic glyphs and characters, similar in function to modern Japanese writing.